Athens Greece travel guide



Acropolis and Parthenon

Acropolis of athensAcropolis is probably the most famous and most visited monument in the world from the Antiquity times. It is the symbol of Athens and its most famous landmark. Every year thousands of visitors from all over the world coming to admire this symbol of the Ancient Greek civilisation. On the rock of Acropolis there are several monuments from the Greek Antiquity , most of the monuments was build on the Prehistoric temples of the Sacred rock during the golden age of Pericles of Athens during the 5th century BC.
Among those monuments of the Acropolis, Parthenon is the most magnificent, the temple of Parthenon was dedicated to the goddess Athena, protector of the Ancient city of Athens.
Parthenon is one of the most most famous buildings of the world and if it was build some centuries before, then probably we would be talking about the 8 wonders of the world instead of 7. Its unique architecture inspired the architectural style of the western world. Universities, Public buildings, Palaces, Parliaments, libraries have been build inspired from the Dorian style and the Architecture of Parthenon. Parthenon was build during the Golden Era of Athens under Pericles administration. by the architects Iktinos and Kalikrates. For its construction they used marble from the mount of Penteli.
Parthenon of AthensThe Magnificent statue of Athens was made by Phidias one of the most famous sculptors of this time. Phidias used for the creation of the statue wood, ivory and gold. Unfortunately the statue was disappear during the middle ages.
The most amazing architectural achievement of Parthenon is the harmony of this massive building with the Attica landscape. The external pillars of Parthenon are not exactly straight , they are slightly curved so they give an optical illusion as they where straight from every angle you will look.
Parthenon was kept as it was in the Antiquity until 1687 when it was almost destroyed during a siege of Athens by the Venetians from a bomb that came from the fleet of admiral Morozini. The bomb had strike inside the temple where the Turks had used it as a gun powder store.
The most important remains of the Partenon freeze are today in display at the British museum.
Erechtheion of AcropolisAnother monument on the sacred rock of Acropolis is the Propylea build by Mnesicles during Pericles administration. Near by is the Temple of Athens Nike that was build on the same period by Kalikrates. The temple was dedicated to the victory of the Athenians during the Persian wars and especially during the battle of Marathon and the sea battle of Salamis.
The Erechtheion temple was build also during the golden Age in the area where use to be the olive tree that Athena offered to the Athenians. The most famous statues of Erechtheion are the Caryatides, the statues are today in display at the new Museum of the Acropolis.

propylea of acropolis caryatides partenon pilars

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Athens Greece Guide 2003-2007

Athens guide copyright 2008


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